Nutraceutical has advantage over the medicine because they avoid side effect, have naturally dietary supplement, etc.
Nutraceutical; on the basis of their natural source, chemical grouping, categories into three key terms -nutrients, herbals, dietary supplements, dietary fiber, etc. The most rapidly growing segments of the industry were dietary supplements Global nutraceutical market is estimated as USD billion. FDA regulated dietary supplements as foods to ensure that they were safe.
In , the Indian government passed Food Safety and Standard Act to regulate the nutraceutical industry. Herbal nutraceutical is used as a powerful instrument in maintaining health and to act against nutritionally induced acute and chronic diseases, thereby promoting optimal health, longevity, and quality of life.
Functional foods are ordinary foods that have components, ingredients that incorporated into give them a specific medicinal or health benefit moreover nutritional effect. According to dietary supplement, health and education act DSHEA dietary supplements are products intended to supplement the diet that bears or contains one or more of the following dietary ingredients: a vitamin, a mineral, an herb or other botanical, an amino acid, a dietary substance for use by man to supplement the diet by increasing the total daily intake, or a concentrate, metabolite, constituent, extract, or combinations of these ingredients.
It is not represented for use as a conventional food or as the sole item of a meal or diet. Nutritional therapy is a healing system using dietary therapeutics or nutraceuticals as a complementary therapy.
This therapy is based on the belief that foods can not only be sources of nutrients and energy but could also provide medicinal benefits. According to nutraceutical and nutritional therapy theory, it achieves this goal by using efficacy of such nutraceuticals in detoxifying the body, avoiding vitamin and mineral deficiencies, and restoring healthy digestion and dietary habit. Phytonutrients basically is plant nutrients with particular biological activities in supporting human health.
Ligands that agonize or antagonize cell surface or intracellular receptors. Nutraceuticals or functional foods can be classified on the basis of their natural sources, pharmacological conditions, or as per chemical constitution of the products. On the basis of natural source, it can be classified as the products obtained from plants, animals, minerals, or microbial sources. Substances with established nutritional functions, such as vitamins, minerals, amino acids, and fatty acids—Nutrients.
Reagents derived from other sources e. Dietary supplements are not intended to treat or cure disease,[ 10 ] whereas nutraceuticals more emphasize the expected results of these products, such as prevention or treatment of diseases. Some of the most common ways of classifying nutraceuticals can be based on food sources, mechanism of action, chemical nature, etc.
The food sources used as nutraceuticals are all natural and can be categorized as. A potential nutraceutical could become an established one only after efficient clinical data of its health and medical benefits are obtained. This assumes a world economic recovery in and an end to price competition [ Figure 1 ].
According to a recent report, the total market for nutraceuticals in India is growing at 21 percent per annum. A food stuff as a fortified food or a dietary supplement that provides health benefits, if indeed a claim was made that implied medicinal benefit regarding a nutraceutical product, the product would be required to comply with the regulatory requirements for medicinal products, in respect of safety, efficacy, and quality testing and marketing authorization procedures.
In , the Indian government passed Food Safety and Standard Act to integrate and streamline the many regulations covering nutraceuticals, foods, and dietary supplements. Unlike the US, where the DSHEA is in place to regulate these products, in India the Government is in the process of drafting a law to regulate manufacturing, importing, and marketing of health foods, dietary supplements, and other nutraceuticals[ 22 ] and finally Indian food safety standard bill signed into law, promising a major impact on Indian food processing industry.
The Indian Food Safety and Standard Act came into enforcement in with the following two main objectives:. To provide for scientific development of the food processing industry.
Nutrition Labeling and Education Act of NLEA defines how food is labeled, including nutrition labeling, in accordance with definitions established by FDA, and providing for the use of claims about the relationship between nutrients and diseases or health-related condition.
If positive claims cannot be made, the regulation does not oblige anyone to make negative claims about the product. Nutraceuticals have proven health benefits and their consumption within their acceptable Recommended Dietary Intakes will keep diseases at bay and allow humans to maintain an overall good health.
Although nutraceuticals have significant promise in the promotion of human health and disease prevention, health professional, nutritionists, and regulatory toxicologist should strategically work together to plan appropriate regulation to provide the ultimate health and therapeutic benefit to mankind.
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That is why implementation of regulatory body is necessary to standardize the nutraceutical industry. It is also necessary to review this topic because the nutraceutical industry is growing at a rate far exceeding expansion in the food and pharmaceutical industries.
Herbal nutraceutical is a powerful instrument in maintaining health and to act against nutritionally induced acute and chronic diseases, thereby promoting optimal health, longevity, and quality of life. Source of Support: Nil. Conflict of Interest: Nil. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. J Adv Pharm Technol Res.
Shahid H. Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Address for correspondence: Prof. E-mail: moc.
This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Keywords: Dietary supplement, global market, nutraceutical, regulation. Table 1 As per chemical classification[ 9 ]. Open in a separate window. Table 4 List of marketed nutraceutical products. Table 2 Various vitamins and their health benefits. Table 3 Common herbals as nutraceuticals.
May increase the health beneficial effect. May have naturally dietary supplement, so do not have unpleasant side effect. May increase the health value, our diet and improve medical condition of human. May easily be available and economically affordable.
Cofactors of enzymatic reactions. Inhibitors of enzymatic reactions. Absorbents that bind to and eliminate undesirable constituent in the intestine. Selective growth factor for beneficial bacteria. Fermentation substrate for beneficial bacteria. Selective inhibitors of deleterious intestinal bacteria.
Scavengers of reactive or toxic chemicals. Nutraceuticals as per the chemical groupings.
Category of Nutraceutical Substances with established nutritional functions, such as vitamins, minerals, amino acids, and fatty acids—Nutrients. Herbs or botanical products as concentrates or extracts—Herbals.
The food sources used as nutraceuticals are all natural and can be categorized as Dietary Fiber.
Polyunsaturated fatty acids. Antioxidant vitamins. Spices[ 12 ] Nutraceutical can be broadly classified into the following 2 groups: i. Figure 1. Alignment of international regulations. Science-based standards. Clarity and uniformity on novel food areas.
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Help curb corruptions. The Indian Food Safety and Standard Act came into enforcement in with the following two main objectives: To introduce a single statute relating to food, and To provide for scientific development of the food processing industry. Benefits of Regulation Allows greater legal security and more predicable environment. Supports innovation food and drink products. Prevents unfair competition from manufactures using false or misleading claims.
Current concepts and prospects of herbal nutraceutical: A review
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