An outlaw motorcycle club , is a motorcycle subculture. It is generally centered on the use of cruiser motorcycles, particularly Harley-Davidsons and choppers , and a set of ideals that celebrate freedom, nonconformity to mainstream culture, and loyalty to the biker group. In the United States, such motorcycle clubs MCs are considered "outlaw" not necessarily because they engage in criminal activity, but because they are not sanctioned by the American Motorcyclist Association AMA and do not adhere to the AMA's rules.
Instead the clubs have their own set of bylaws reflecting the outlaw biker culture. The U. Department of Justice defines "outlaw motorcycle gangs" OMG as "organizations whose members use their motorcycle clubs as conduits for criminal enterprises".
While organizations may vary, the typical internal organization of a motorcycle club consists of a president , vice president , treasurer , secretary , road captain , and sergeant-at-arms sometimes known as enforcer. The president of the mother chapter serves as the president of the entire MC, and sets club policy on a variety of issues.
Larger motorcycle clubs often acquire real estate for use as a clubhouse or private compound. Some "biker" clubs employ a process whereby members must pass several stages such as "friend of the club", "hang-around", and "prospect", on their way to becoming full-patch see explanation of 'patching' below members.
Often, an individual must pass a vote of the membership and swear some level of allegiance to the club. In these clubs, some amount of hazing may occur during the early stages i. To become a full member, the prospect or probate must be voted on by the rest of the full club members.
Successful admission usually requires more than a simple majority, and some clubs may reject a prospect or a probate for a single dissenting vote. A formal induction follows, in which the new member affirms his loyalty to the club and its members. The final logo patch is then awarded.
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Full members are often referred to as "full patch members" or "patchholders" and the step of attaining full membership can be referred to as "being patched". The majority of members of outlaw motorcycle clubs have no serious criminal record, and express their outlaw status on a social level, and equating the word "outlaw" with disregard for the law of groups like the American Motorcyclist Association , not the laws of government.
There are also non-outlaw motorcycle clubs , such as women's motorcycle clubs, who adopt similar insignia, colors, organizational structure and trappings, such as leather outfits typical of outlaw clubs, and, in the case of men, beards, making it difficult for outsiders especially police to tell the difference between the two.
It has been said [ by whom? Outlaw clubs are often prominent at charity events, such as toy runs. Charitable giving is frequently cited as evidence that these clubs do not deserve their negative media image. Outlaw clubs have been accused of using charity rides to mask their criminal nature.
The primary visual identification of a member of an outlaw motorcycle club is the vest adorned with a large club-specific patch or patches, predominantly located in the middle of the back.
The patch es will contain a club logo, the name of the club, and the letters MC, and a possible state, province, or other chapter identification. Many non-outlaw motorcycle riding clubs such as the Harley Owners Group also wear patches on the back of their vests, without including the letters MC.
The club patches always remain property of the club itself, not the member, and only members are allowed to wear the club's patches. A member must closely guard their colors, for allowing one's colors to fall into the hands of an outsider is an act of disgrace and may result in loss of membership in a club, or some other punishment.
The colors worn by members of some motorcycle clubs will sometimes follow a convention of using either a one-piece patch for nonconformist social clubs, two-piece patch for clubs paying dues , a three-piece patch for outlaw clubs or side patches.
The three-piece patch consists of the club logo and the top and bottom patches, usually crescent shaped, which are referred to as rockers. The number and arrangement of patches is somewhat indicative of the nature of the club.
Though many motorcycle clubs wear the three-piece patch arrangement, this is not necessarily an indication that a club is an outlaw motorcycle club. Law enforcement agencies have confiscated colors and other club paraphernalia of these types of clubs when they raid a clubhouse or the home of a MC member, and they often display these items at press conferences.
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Courts have found that the probative value of such items is far outweighed by their unfairly prejudicial effects on the defence. The alleged AMA comment, supposedly a response to the Hollister riot in ,   is denied by the AMA, who claim to have no record of such a statement to the press and that the story is a misquote. Other patches may be worn by members, including phrases and symbols.
The style or meaning of these other patches can vary between clubs. Some, such as a skull and crossbones patch, or the motto "Respect Few, Fear None", are worn in some clubs by members who commit murder or other acts of violence on behalf of the club.
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There are also wings or biker's wings , which are earned something like jump wings or pilot's wings , but with various color-coded meanings, e. Frequently, additional patches may involve symbols, such as the use of Nazi swastikas or the SS Totenkopf.
These may not indicate Nazi sympathies, but serve to express the outlaw biker's total rejection of social constraints, and desire for the shock value among those who fail to understand the biker way.
Most outlaw motorcycle clubs do not allow women to become full-patch members. These women are claimed to pass over any pay they receive to their partners or sometimes to the entire club. Academic research has criticized the methodology of such previous studies as being "vague and hazy", and lacking in participant demographics.
These myths about the women are: that they are subservient working-class women, used as objects for club sexual rituals; are hard-bitten, unattractive, and politically conservative; and that they are 'money makers' for the biker men and clubs, i. We showed them we are real women dealing with real men.
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I'd much prefer to be living with an OMC member than some dork who is a pawn in the system", said one woman who felt she and her peers had "set the record straight". These women have broken from society's stereotypically defined roles and find freedom with the biker world. Outlaw motorcycle clubs reflect their social roots and the demographics of motorcyclists in general. Although race does not appear to be important as a creed or philosophical orientation to them, virtually all of the clubs are racially unmixed.
Some members of outlaw motorcycle clubs engage in criminal activities and organized crime. The bust went down with search warrants and arrest warrants .
Canada, especially, has in the late 20th century experienced a significant upsurge in crime involving outlaw motorcycle clubs, most notably in what has been dubbed the Quebec Biker War , which has involved more than murders  plus a young bystander killed by an exploding car bomb , 84 bombings , and cases of arson.
Members and supporters of these clubs insist that illegal activities are isolated occurrences and that they, as a whole, are not criminal organizations. They often compare themselves to police departments, wherein the occasional "bad cop" does not make a police department a criminal organization and the Hells Angels sponsors charitable events for Toys for Tots in an attempt to legitimize themselves with public opinion.
Contrary to other criminal organizations, OMGs operate on an individual basis instead of top-down, which is how supporters can claim that only some members are committing crimes. Belonging guarantees to each member the option of running criminal activity, using other members as support—the main characteristic of OMGs being "amoral individualism", in contrast to the hierarchical orders and bonds of "amoral familism" of other criminal organizations such as the Mafia.
Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives ATF agent William Queen , who infiltrated the Mongols , wrote that what makes a group like them different from the Mafia is that crime and violence are not used as expedients in pursuit of profit, but that the priorities are reversed. Mayhem and lawlessness are inherent in living "The Life" and the money they obtain by illegal means is only wanted as a way to perpetuate that lifestyle. Recently, authorities have tried tactics aimed at undermining the gang identity and breaking up the membership.
But in June the High Court of Australia overturned a law that outlawed crime-focused motorcycle clubs and required members to avoid contact with one another. Certain large one-percent MCs have rivalries between each other and will fight over territory and other issues.
Sometimes smaller clubs are forced into or willingly accept supportive roles for a larger one-percent club and are sometimes required to wear a "support patch" on their vests that shows their affiliation with the dominant regional club. Smaller clubs are often allowed to form with the permission of the dominant regional club.
Clubs that resist have been forcibly disbanded by being told to hand over their colours on threat of aggression. Local coalitions or confederations of clubs have eliminated some of the inter-club rivalry and together they have acted to hire legal and PR representation.
Outlaw motorcyclists and their clubs have been frequently portrayed and parodied in movies and the media generally, giving rise to an " outlaw biker film " genre. The biker style has influenced the look of other sub-cultures such as punk ,  heavy metal ,  leather subculture  and cybergoth fashion,  and, initially an American subculture , has had an international influence.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from One percenter motorcycle. This article is about non-AMA sanctioned motorcycle clubs. For general types of motorcycling groups, see Motorcycle club. For the films, see Motorcycle Gang film and Motorcycle Gang film.
Motorcycle subculture. Main article: Colors motorcycling. Main article: Outlaw biker film. Society portal. There is no such thing as a "typical motorcyclist"; on the one hand we're outcasts and "one percenters", while on the other hand we are the "in" people.
Wolfpack Motorocycle Club. Retrieved 10 June Thomas Barker. Charity rides, toy donations Cook has learned these are part of the disguise.
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They're selling drugs. They're stealing motorcycles. They're beating people up. They're committing a laundry list of crimes.
Koonce, Virginian - Pilot Norfolk, Va. Witnesses say a fight between two rival biker clubs at the event led to the shooting in which at least three people were injured, including a Norco firefighter. Joshua Briskin, a lawyer for the gang, said the Warlocks had taken part in the event for 15 years.
The suit, seeking unspecified compensation, says the group's civil rights were violated.
Archived from the original on Retrieved JOHN E. The American Motorcyclist Association says it has no record of ever releasing such as statement.
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Tom Lindsay, the AMA's Public Information Director, said 'We [the American Motorcyclist Association] acknowledge that the term 'one-percenter' has long been and likely will continue to be attributed to the American Motorcyclist Association, but we've been unable to attribute its original use to an AMA official or published statement—so it's apocryphal. Archived from the original PDF on Members are awarded wings of varying colors for engaging in sex acts with women at pre-arranged 'wing parties,' the indictment states.
For example, members who have sex with a woman with venereal disease are given green wings, according to the indictment.