- 10 Most Famous American Artists And Their Masterpieces
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10 Most Famous American Artists And Their Masterpieces
The early style of America artists was based primarily on English painting. Though several American artists became well known in the 19th century, it was only in the 20th century that the United States began to have a major influence on the international art world. The first prominent art movement in the United States was Realism , which depicted contemporary social realities and the lives of ordinary people.
Abstract Expressionism was the first specifically American movement to achieve international influence.
It emphasized on conveying strong emotional or expressive content through abstraction. It was followed by the Pop Art movement , which was characterized by use of recognizable imagery from popular culture like advertisements, celebrities and comic book characters. Know more about visual art of the United States through the 10 most famous American artists and their masterpieces. Lifespan: July 22, — November 11, One of the most influential sculptors of the twentieth century and perhaps the most acclaimed American sculptor , Alexander Calder is famous for his invention of the mobile , an abstract sculpture that moves in response to touch or air currents by taking advantage of the principle of equilibrium.
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In addition to mobiles, Calder made static sculpture called stabiles , wire sculptures, toys, theatrical sets, paintings in oil and gouache, and even jewelry and numerous household objects.
Calder also created monumental sculptures including. Two months after his death in November , Alexander Calder was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom , the highest civilian honor in the United States. Other Famous Works Flamingo Lobster Trap and Fish Tail Lifespan: February 3, — November 8, Norman Rockwell was a prolific artist, producing more than 4, original works in his lifetime.
Most of his works were created as cover illustrations of The Saturday Evening Post magazine, and later the Look magazine. Rockwell is most famous for his illustrations of everyday life ; for capturing the spirit of small town America ; and for his patriotic depictions during World War II. In , he created four paintings corresponding to the four freedoms mentioned by U. President Franklin D.
History Of English Literature By Edward Albert / A Critical History Of English Literature
Roosevelt in his famous speech. Still, he was the most widely known and popular commercial artist of midth century America. Masterpiece: Four Freedoms series 3.
The Pre-Raphaelite Movement
Rosie the Riveter Lifespan: December 22, — August 12, Homeless and unemployed, Jean-Michel Basquiat began his career as a graffiti artist. The graffiti art movement reached its peak in the U. In , Basquiat and his friend Al Diaz began spray painting graffiti on buildings in Lower Manhattan. SAMO soon received media attention but the duo split and the project ended in In the early s, Basquiat swiftly rose to become one of the most well known artists in the United States.
Jean-Michel Basquiat is perhaps the most famous American artist of the Neo-expressionism movement , which is characterized by intense subjectivity and rough handling of materials.
He died of heroin overdose at the age of only Masterpiece: Scull Trumpet Flexible Lifespan: October 27, — September 29, Roy Lichtenstein initially worked in Cubism and Abstract Expressionism before moving to Pop Art, the genre in which he made his mark.
The first time his work was exhibited, he was called a copycat by many art critics as his works closely resembled the originals. With time, Roy Lichtenstein became one of the leading artists of the Pop Art movement , which dominated the American art world.
His best known works, usually inspired by popular advertising and comic strips , have become iconic images of the movement. Masterpiece: Whaam!
#9 Norman Rockwell
Drowning Girl Lifespan: July 22, — May 15, The art of Edward Hopper is marked by minimum of action with almost no sign of life and mobility ; and the use of dramatic means to suggest the psychological states of his subjects. Moreover, he forced his viewer to play an active role in completing the narrative of his artworks. This was hugely influential for the art world as it led to art movements in which the major role in understanding the artwork was left for the viewer. The most famous American realist painter , Edward Hopper has been said to have painted a more revealing portrait of twentieth-century America than any other artist.
His masterpiece Nighthawks is one of the most recognizable paintings in the history of American art. Masterpiece: Nighthawks Automat New York Movie Lifespan: September 25, — February 25, He moved through a number of styles in his artistic career including S urrealism, before he developed his own signature style. Rothko is considered a pioneer of Color Field painting , a style within Abstract Expressionism in which color is the main subject itself.
Though Rothko is regarded as one of the leading abstract artists, he insisted that he was not an abstractionist as his primary focus was discovering mysticism and esoteric aspects of colors and its combinations.
Painting was a method of spiritual expression for Rothko and many viewers have broken down in tears in front of his works. Mark Rothko made a monumental contribution to abstract art and he is regarded as one of the most influential abstract artists in the history of western art. Masterpiece: Orange, Red, Yellow 19 Other Famous Abstract Works Untitled Black on Grey Lifespan: May 4, — February 16, Keith Haring was introduced to art at an early age by his father, who did cartooning as a hobby.
In , Haring arrived in New York and became aware of the thriving underground graffiti art scene there.
0064901459 - History of English Literature by Albert, Edward
He produced thousands of public drawings and became one of the most renowned graffiti artists. He was also arrested for vandalism on numerous occasions.
As public interest in his art grew, Haring had his first solo exhibition in Throughout the s he produced dozens of murals and public works all over the world , including in Europe, South America and Australia. Gradually even the fine art establishment had to acknowledge his talent. His art is known for being deceptively simple while containing deeper themes of birth, death, love, sexuality, war and social harmony.
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Masterpiece: Crack is Wack Tuttomondo Free South Africa Lifespan: November 15, — March 6, American Modernism was an artistic and cultural movement which peaked between the two World Wars. It was marked by a deliberate departure from tradition and use of innovative forms of expression.
She is most famous for her dramatically large, sensual close-up of flowers which essentially made them into abstract works.
She was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in Radiator Building — Night, New York Lifespan: January 28, — August 11, Drip painting is a form of abstract art in which paint is dripped or poured onto the canvas, rather than being carefully applied.
Jackson Pollock was the preeminent figure of the Abstract Expressionism movement.
He is the most famous American abstract artist and one of the outstanding figures of 20th century art. Masterpiece: Number 5, Number 11, Blue Poles. One: Number 31, Lifespan: August 6, — February 22, The non-painterly style and commercial aspects of his paintings initially caused offense as it affronted the technique and philosophy of abstract expressionism, the then dominant style in the United States.
His works created an uproar in the American art world and the resulting controversy made Warhol a household name. Warhol was a prolific artist and he explored a wide variety of media including painting, silkscreening, photography, film and sculpture.
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His paintings are among the most expensive ever sold. Though many still doubt the merit of his work, Andy Warhol is without doubt the most famous American artist. Masterpiece: Marilyn Diptych Eight Elvises Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Sign in.