The Piper PA Comanche is an American four-seat or six-seat, low-wing, all-metal, light aircraft of semi- monocoque construction with tricycle retractable landing gear. Piper Aircraft designed and developed the Comanche, which first flew on May 24, Together with the PA and PA Twin Comanche , it made up the core of the Piper Aircraft lineup until , when the production lines for both aircraft were wiped out in a flood.
The Comanche is a four-seat or, in B and C models, six-seat , single-engined, low-wing monoplane.
It is an all-metal aircraft with a retractable landing gear. The was also available as the Turbo Comanche C with a Rajay turbocharger and was introduced in Production of the Comanche ended in when torrential rains from Hurricane Agnes caused the great Susquehanna River flood of , flooding the manufacturing plant and destroying airframes, parts, and much of the tooling necessary for production.
The flaps were manually actuated, controlled by the same Johnson bar actuator as the Piper Cherokee. A total of 1, were built. Most s had carbureted Lycoming OAIA5 engines, but a small number were fitted out with fuel-injected versions of the same engine.
Electrically actuated flaps were made standard with the model year. They were:.
The had an empty weight of approximately 1, pounds and a maximum gross weight of 2, pounds. This was due to a longer propeller spinner, not a longer fuselage.
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The B had a third side window and a provision for six seats. The fifth and sixth seats take up the entire baggage area and will seat smaller adults and is placarded to a total weight of pounds.
Typical empty weight was pounds and gross weight was 3, pounds. The C introduced a new "Tiger Shark" cowling, max gross weight of pounds, cowl flaps, and an aileron-rudder interconnect.
Cruise speed was advertised as knots with fuel flow of To prevent possible aft center of gravity problems due to the increased gross weight and its fifth and sixth seats, the propeller shaft was extended.
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This moved the center of gravity slightly forward. With a useful load of pounds it has the largest payload of all of the Comanches except the Often mistaken on the ramp for the model, the slightly longer cowling includes a distinctively longer nose gear door, as compared to the B models and older versions. Twenty-six were produced between and Advertised by Piper as a "second throttle", the turbochargers are controlled using a manual wastegate assembly that places an additional handle labeled "boost" next to the throttle handle in the cockpit, effectively creating a secondary throttle.
The TC model is certified for flight to 25, feet, with an advertised turbo critical altitude of 20, feet, giving a maximum true airspeed of mph kn. It did not enter production.
Two prototype aircraft were built in The PA Comanche  was produced from to The Comanche is powered by the horsepower horizontally opposed eight-cylinder Lycoming IO engine, an engine developed specifically for the model. There have been cooling problems with the rear cylinders. The high fuel burn means that it is expensive to operate. The had a typical empty weight of 2, pounds and a max gross weight of 3, pounds.
While identical in planform to other PA models, the is structurally strengthened, primarily in the tail, with an extra nose rib in the stabilator and in the vertical fin. In a single Comanche was modified by Swearingen with a pressurized cabin.
The prototype, powered by a hp Lycoming O engine and equipped with Twin Comanche landing gear, was designated the PA When the aircraft took off from Casablanca, it was heavily overloaded and just cleared the airport fence.
The aircraft, flown by Scott, holds ninety world class light aviation records. It is on public display at the National Museum of Flight , Scotland. The circumnavigation by the oldest pilot on record in was made by Fred Lasby in a Comanche B.
Data from Jane's All the World's Aircraft —72 . From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
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American four-seat or six-seat, low-wing monoplane built Jane's Publishing Company, Retrieved Austin, Texas: Aircraft Publications. Archived from the original on Los Angeles Times.
Summer National Museums of Scotland. Archived from the original PDF on Commanche Flyers. March Piper aircraft.
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