Michael Haydn was born in in the Austrian village of Rohrau , near the Hungarian border.
His father was Mathias Haydn , a wheelwright who also served as "Marktrichter", an office akin to village mayor. Mathias was an enthusiastic folk musician, who during the journeyman period of his career had taught himself to play the harp, and he also made sure that his children learned to sing.
Michael went to Vienna at the age of eight, his early professional career path being paved by his older brother Joseph , whose skillful singing had landed him a position as a boy soprano in the St.
By Michael's 12th birthday he was earning extra money as a substitute organist at the cathedral and had, reportedly, performed preludes and fantasies of his own composition. The early 19th-century author Albert Christoph Dies , based on Joseph's late-life reminiscences, wrote: . Reutter was so captivated by [Joseph]'s talents that he declared to his father that even if he had twelve sons he would take care of them all.
The father saw himself freed of a great burden by this offer, consented to it, and some five years after dedicated Joseph's brothers Michael, and still later Johann to the musical muse.
Requiem (Michael Haydn)
Both were taken on as choirboys, and, to Joseph's unending joy, both brothers were turned over to him to be trained. The same source indicates that Michael was a brighter student than Joseph, and that particularly when Joseph had grown enough to have trouble keeping his soprano voice it was Michael's singing that was the more admired.
About , he left the choir school because of the break of his voice. From their mutual sojourn in Salzburg, Haydn was acquainted with Mozart , who held his work in high esteem. On 17 August he married singer Maria Magdalena Lipp — ; their only child, a daughter Aloisia Josepha, born 31 January died just short of her first birthday, on 27 January Although Lipp was disliked by the women in Mozart's family for some reason,  she still created the role of Barmherzigkeit [Divine] Mercy in Mozart's first musical play, Die Schuldigkeit des ersten Gebots "The Obligation of the First Commandment" , , and later the role of Tamiri in his short pastoral opera Il re pastore of Leopold Mozart criticized Haydn's heavy drinking.
Michael remained close to Joseph all of his life. Joseph regarded his brother's music highly, to the point of feeling Michael's religious works were superior to his own possibly for their devotional intimacy, as opposed to Joseph's monumental and majestic more secularized symphonic style. Musicologist Karl Geiringer has claimed that Michael Haydn has not received the recognition he deserves from posterity.
His church music, his choruses for male voices, and many of his instrumental works are on respectable level and ought to be revived.
Johann Michael Haydn
Michael Haydn never compiled a thematic catalog of his works, nor did he ever supervise the making of one. And in Anton Maria Klafsky undertook a similar work regarding Michael's sacred vocal music. In , Charles H. Sherman, who has edited scores of many of his symphonies for Doblinger, published a chronological catalog of them which some recording companies have adopted.
Pasticcios by or with: Haydn, Michael
Later, in , Sherman joined forces with T. The task of cataloging Michael's music is facilitated by the fact that he almost always entered the date of completion on his manuscripts.
Haydn's sacred choral works are generally regarded as his most important; his musical taste and skill showed themselves best in his church compositions and were already in his lifetime old-fashioned.
Francis Mass in D minor; the motet Lauda Sion which he wished to have sung at his funeral; and a set of graduals, forty-two of which are reprinted in Anton Diabelli 's Ecclesiasticon. Haydn was also a prolific composer of secular music, including forty symphonies and wind partitas, and multiple concertos and chamber music including a string quintet in C major was once thought to have been by his brother Joseph.
There was another case of posthumous mistaken identity involving Michael Haydn: for many years, the G major symphony now known to be Michael Haydn's Symphony No.
Requiem in C minor
The confusion arose because an autograph was discovered with the opening movement of the symphony in Mozart's hand and the rest in another's hand. It is now known that Mozart composed the slow introduction to the first movement but the rest of the work is by Michael. As a result, this work, which had been quite widely played when thought to be a Mozart symphony, has been performed considerably less often since this discovery in Indeed, several of Michael Haydn's works influenced Mozart.
To give just three examples: the Te Deum "which Wolfgang was later to follow very closely in K. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For those of a similar name, see Michael Hayden disambiguation. Main article: List of compositions by Michael Haydn. He was sometimes under its influence at the organ during High Mass Second Series. April Oxford University Press.
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