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- World Press Photo Contest 2018 – the winning pictures
Volcanic debris mixed with ice to form massive lahars volcanically induced mudflows , landslides , and debris flows , which rushed into the river valleys below the mountain, killing nearly 23, people and destroying Armero and 13 other villages.
Her plight was documented as she descended from calmness into agony. Her courage and dignity touched journalists and relief workers, who put great efforts into comforting her. After 60 hours of struggling, she died, likely as a result of either gangrene or hypothermia. Her death highlighted the failure of officials to respond correctly to the threat of the volcano, contrasted with the efforts of volunteer rescue workers to reach and treat trapped victims, despite inadequate supplies and equipment.
It was later designated the World Press Photo of the Year for On November 13, , the Nevado del Ruiz volcano erupted.
WORLD PRESS PHOTO FESTIVAL 2019
At pm of that night, pyroclastic flows exploding from the crater melted the mountain's icecap, forming lahars volcanic mudflows and debris flows which cascaded into river valleys below. One lahar, consisting of three pulses, did most of the damage.
Loss of life was exacerbated by the authorities' failure to take costly preventive measures in the absence of clear signs of imminent danger. In September , as earthquakes and phreatic eruptions rocked the area around the volcano, officials began planning for evacuation. The death toll was increased by the lack of early warnings,  unwise land use, as villages were built in the likely path of lahars,  and the lack of preparedness in communities near the volcano.
When rescue teams tried to help her, they realized that her legs were trapped under her house's roof. For the first few hours after the mudflow hit, she was covered by concrete but got her hand through a crack in the debris.
After a rescuer noticed her hand protruding from a pile of debris, he and others cleared tiles and wood over the course of a day. Once the girl was freed from the waist up, her rescuers attempted to pull her out, but found the task impossible without breaking her legs in the process.
Each time a person pulled her, the water pooled around her, rising so that it seemed she would drown if they let her go, so rescue workers placed a tire around her body to keep her afloat. At times, she was scared, and prayed or cried. At one point she asked the people to leave her so they could rest.
Hours later the workers returned with a pump and tried to save her, but her legs were bent under the concrete as if she was kneeling, and it was impossible to free her without severing her legs. Lacking the surgical equipment to save her from the effects of an amputation, the doctors present agreed that it would be more humane to let her die.
Her brother survived the lahars; her father and aunt died. Her mother expressed her feelings about Omayra's death: "It is horrible, but we have to think about the living I will live for my son, who only lost a finger. Volunteer relief workers said that there was such a lack of resources that supplies as basic as shovels, cutting tools, and stretchers ran out. The rescue process was impeded by large crowds and disorganization. An unnamed police officer said that the government should have depended on human resources to alleviate the problems and that the system of rescue was disorganized.
Fournier later described the town as "very haunting," with "eerie silence" punctuated by screaming. At the time, there was international awareness of the disaster. The image captured international attention. According to an unnamed BBC reporter, "Many were appalled at witnessing so intimately what transpired to be the last few hours of Omayra's life. I believe the photo helped raise money from around the world in aid and helped highlight the irresponsibility and lack of courage of the country's leaders.
The picture later won the World Press Photo of the Year for The Armero catastrophe came shortly after the M guerrilla group's raid and subsequent Palace of Justice siege on November 6, worsening an already chaotic situation.
Melting only 10 percent of the ice would produce mudflows with a volume of up to ,, cubic meters 7. Writing the story failed to exorcise her ghost.
World Press Photo Contest 2019: John Moore on his winning World Press Photo of the Year
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Armero , Tolima , Colombia. Main article: Armero tragedy.
People – stories category, first prize
Her face, her words, and her courage, which streamed throughout the world on television and were a heartbreaking image in the largest newspapers and magazines of the United States and Europe, remained a testimony of accusation against those who could have at the very least made the tragedy less serious.
Milwaukee Journal. November 18, BBC Television. Retrieved September 3, BBC News Online.
Programs and activities
November 13, Archived from the original PDF on July 24, Retrieved July 22, United States Geological Survey. Retrieved July 20, Retrieved August 31, Retrieved September 20, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Archived from the original on September 25, Annals of Glaciology.
Bibcode : AnGla.. Retrieved April 20, The New York Times.
Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, Jr. November 17, Postmedia Network Inc.
Environment – stories, first prize
Retrieved April 19, Canadian Journalism Project. Canadian Journalism Foundation. September 30, Retrieved September 28, Bob Gruber. November 24, Retrieved November 24, Ottawa Citizen. James Orban. February 7, Spartanburg Herald-Journal.
World Press Photo 16 yearbook
The New York Times Company. San Diego State University. Stratigraphy and quaternary eruptive history of the Ruiz-Tolima volcanic massif, Colombia. Implications for assessement of volcanic hazards PDF. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel.
Journal Communications. June 24, Archived from the original on October 2, Retrieved September 1, Audio help. More spoken articles. Categories : births deaths Colombian children Deaths in volcanic eruptions Natural disaster deaths in Colombia People from Tolima Department Filmed deaths during natural disasters Deaths in landslides People notable for being the subject of a specific photograph. Namespaces Article Talk.
World Press Photo Contest 2018 – the winning pictures